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Asian Development Bank

100 Climate Actions from Cities in Asia and the Pacific


A waste treatment plant will be constructed in the industrial area of Khujand to relieve the city’s problematic dependence on landfilling, creating energy for the town in the process.

The EU-funded construction of a waste treatment plant in Tajikistan’s third largest town will soon be underway. Through thermal processing, the facility will dispose of urban waste and contents from surrounding landfill sites, which have been persistent sources of environmental pollution and health hazards, and have undermined efficient land management.


In addition to establishing a plant that can process up to 45,000 cubic meters of sewage and 100 tons of solid waste, the project will also generate energy for the town and enable the reclamation of 80 hectares (ha) of land.

The project responds to an urgent need for expanding and modernizing waste treatment infrastructure in Tajikistan’s second-largest city. The gap between waste treatment needs and capacities has encouraged both legal and illegal landfilling over recent decades, producing some 70 official landfills across the country, which cover 296 ha and store 12 million tons of waste. The new plant will hopefully displace landfilling practices and encourage project iterations in other Tajik cities.

The new plant will crucially improve local waste and land management (photo by qtgkz, Adobe Stock).

The Challenge

Dating back to the Soviet era, the antiquated and under-funded waste management infrastructure has been unable to cope with current waste flows.


Economic The construction of the new facility and associated processes will create new jobs for inhabitants in Khujand.

Environment By improving waste processing and generating energy, the project will reduce emissions and improve the environmental conditions of the downstream Syr Darya River area.