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Asian Development Bank

100 Climate Actions from Cities in Asia and the Pacific


The pilot project will reduce the impact of climate change on marginalized communities in Makassar by providing localized, water sensitive interventions that address issues related to sanitation and water management.

Running until 2022, the Revitalization of Informal Settlements and their Environments (RISE) initiative will integrate nature-based solutions into water and sanitation cycles in the South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia. The project is conducted in partnership with Monash University, and is part of ongoing environmental and human health research funded by a grant from the Wellcome Trust.


Six settlements that are home to around 1,600 people will receive location-specific solutions, including wetland restoration, bio-filtration gardens, stormwater harvesting, paved paths, and new sanitation structures to improve wastewater management and diversify water resources.

The introduction of water-sensitive solutions will enable targeted communities to recycle wastewater and rainwater, restore natural waterways, improve water quality, and reduce vulnerability to flooding.

Findings from the project will inform future climate adaptation efforts in urban water and sanitation, both within the region and globally.

Financing is provided by the Urban Climate Change Resilience Trust Fund.

In a small settlement in the district of Batua, Makassar, Indonesia, the RISE Program is using a water-sensitive approach to upgrading urban services. Co-designing infrastructure solutions together with the community, the RISE program constructed wetlands, bio-filtration gardens, rainwater harvesting, local sanitation systems, private toilets and an access road (photo by RISE Program, Monash University).

The Challenge

Many of the 58,200 households who live in informal settlements lack access to centralized urban infrastructure and face threats from climate change.


Environment Reduced contamination and the restoration of natural processes will enhance the environment surrounding the settlements.

Health Sanitation facilities and reliable water supplies will result in better community health, with fewer infections and water-related diseases and increased food production.

Social By implementing a disaster risk management program at the community level, organizers can target those most vulnerable to climate change impacts.