By revising and renewing its Climate Action Plan, Paris is working to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions and promote renewable energy generation, while preparing the city for the long-term effects of climate change.

Paris’ Climate Action Plan was renewed in 2012 and covers six main themes: low-energy urban planning; energy efficient and affordable housing; the service industry; low-carbon transport; sustainable consumption; and the city’s first adaptation strategy. Since 2012, specific roadmaps on housing, commercial development, and adaptation have been published, in addition to the creation of web tools for citizens. The ultimate goal of the Climate Action Plan is to achieve a 25% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption by 2020. By the same year, one-quarter of energy consumed in the city should be powered by renewable or recovered energy.

25% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2020 under the Climate Action Plan

Cities100 – 2016

So far, the plan is already achieving impressive results. By 2014, 75% of energy production in Paris came from renewable sources, and by the end of 2015, 80% of the plan’s initiatives had been launched and the city had succeeded in reducing greenhouse emissions by 10%. With yearly reports released to monitor progress, Paris hopes that this large scale plan will lay the groundwork for a more resilient and climate-proof future.

The challenge

The Paris Climate Action Plan was initially developed in 2007 in response to heat waves, flooding, and water scarcity caused by climate change. With energy consumption expected to increase and temperatures expected to rise, the city has renewed its commitment with new measures in order to promote renewable energy generation and reduce energy use, creating a climate resilient and livable city for Parisians.


Economic $1 billion was invested to retrofit housing under the plan, creating about 5,000 jobs.

Environmental So far 5,000 trees have been planted as part of the plan, increasing biodiversity.

Health The plan aims to reduce atmospheric pollutants by at least 50% by 2020, improving the respiratory health of Parisians.

Social More than 55,000 housing units will be refurbished under the Paris Climate Action Plan, reducing energy consumption and saving tenants money through lower utility bills.

About Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and a 2015 population of 2,229,621. The city is a major rail, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports. Paris is especially known for its museums and architectural landmarks: its Louvre is one of the most visited art museums in the world.

Global Goals addressed