Paris is instituting a suite of initiatives to combat air pollution and promote mobility, with a focus on eliminating diesel vehicles and promoting bike- and car-sharing services.

Paris’ ambitious mix of public policy initiatives and investment in alternative modes of mobility is tackling the city’s air quality problems. Specific measures include improving the pedestrian network, promoting the use of electric vehicles, and banning the use of polluting diesel vehicles by 2020. By gradually implementing these policies over the coming years, Paris hopes to achieve its ultimate goal of reducing transportation emissions by 60% by 2020.

48.6 million km were traveled using Autolib’s silent, zero-emission cars in 2015

Cities100 – 2016

Other key measures of Paris’ plan to combat traffic-related air pollution are improvements to the city’s flagship self-service bike and electric car programs, Velib’ and Autolib’. To support these services, Paris added 1,279 bicycle parking spots in 2014 and will install 1,400 km of cycle lanes by 2020, with the goal of increasing the share of trips made by bikes to 15% by that year. In addition, citizens who give up their car can receive financial help to subscribe to Velib’ or Autolib’ or to Navigo, the city-wide public transport pass.

The challenge

Paris has struggled with poor air quality connected to motorized vehicle transportation, especially from diesel-fueled vehicles, which are responsible for 40% of fine particle emissions. To remedy this situation, the city launched a series of rigorous measures to advance a shift away from diesel vehicles and promote low-carbon mobility.


Economic The promotion of Autolib’ and Velib’ contributes to the development of the sharing economy and allow users to avoid high-cost vehicle ownership.

Environmental Measures taken by the city aim to decrease traffic, which is responsible for two-thirds of NO2 emissions in Paris.

Health With these concrete actions, Paris aims to improve its air quality and the respiratory health of its residents.

About Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and a 2015 population of 2,229,621. The city is a major rail, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports. Paris is especially known for its museums and architectural landmarks: its Louvre is one of the most visited art museums in the world.

Global Goals addressed